{What is|What’s} mitral valve prolapse?

{What is|What’s} mitral valve prolapse?

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) {is still|continues to be|remains to be} amongst the {more|extra} {common|widespread|frequent} {heart|coronary heart} {diseases|illnesses|ailments}; {although|though} it {remains|stays} {something|one thing} of a puzzle. Now {although|though} MVP {affects|impacts} {around|round} {two} {percent|%|p.c} of the {population|inhabitants}, the {cause|trigger} {is still|continues to be|remains to be} unknown and has scientist {wanting to|eager to|desirous to} know what does {cause|trigger} it. MVP {often|typically|usually} {occurs|happens} in {people who|individuals who} {have no|haven’t any|don’t have any} {other|different} {heart|coronary heart} {problems|issues}, and the {condition|situation} {may be|could also be} inherited.

The mitral valve is {located|situated|positioned} {in the|within the} {heart|coronary heart} between the {upper|higher}-left chamber (the left atrium) and the {lower|decrease}-left chamber (the left ventricle). The mitral valve consists of {two} flaps {called|referred to as|known as} leaflets.

In {normal|regular} operation the leaflets open {and close|and shut} in {a specific|a selected|a particular} sequence. {This allows|This enables|This permits} the blood to {flow|circulate|move|movement|stream|circulation} {in one|in a single} {direction|course|path|route}, from the atrium to the ventricle. The left ventricle is {the heart|the guts|the center}’s {main|primary|major|principal|most important|foremost|fundamental|essential|important|predominant} pumping chamber and pushes oxygen-{rich|wealthy} blood into the arteries, which carry the blood {throughout|all through} the body.
In {patients|sufferers} with MVP, one or {both|each} of the leaflets are enlarged, and the leaflets’ supporting {muscles|muscle tissue|muscular tissues|muscle tissues|muscle mass|muscle groups} are too long. {Instead|As an alternative|As a substitute} of closing evenly, one or {both|each} of the leaflets collapse or bulge into the atrium {sometimes|typically|generally} {allowing|permitting} small {amounts|quantities} of blood to {flow|circulate|move|movement|stream|circulation} {back|again} into the atrium. By listening to {the heart|the guts|the center} with a stethoscope, the {doctor|physician} {may|might|could} hear a “clicking” sound {caused by|brought on by|attributable to} the flapping of the leaflets.

{Sometimes|Typically|Generally}, MVP {leads to|results in} a {condition|situation} {known as|generally known as|often known as|referred to as|often called} mitral regurgitation or mitral insufficiency. {This means|This implies} {a large amount of|a considerable amount of} blood is leaking backward {through|via|by way of|by means of|by} the {defective|faulty} valve. Mitral regurgitation can {lead to|result in} the thickening or enlargement of {the heart|the guts|the center} wall. {This is|That is} {caused by|brought on by|attributable to} {the extra|the additional} pumping {the heart|the guts|the center} {must|should} do to make up for the backflow of blood. It {sometimes|typically|generally} causes {people|individuals|folks} to {feel|really feel} {tired|drained} or {short of|in need of|wanting} breath. Mitral regurgitation can {usually|often|normally} be {treated|handled} with medicines, {and some|and a few} {people|individuals|folks} {need|want} {surgery|surgical procedure} to {repair|restore} or {replace|substitute|exchange|change} the {defective|faulty} valve.

What causes mitral valve prolapse?

What causes mitral valve prolapse?

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is {among the|among the many} {most common|commonest|most typical} {heart|coronary heart} {conditions|circumstances|situations}; {however|nevertheless|nonetheless} it {remains|stays} {something|one thing} of a puzzle. {Although|Though} MVP {affects|impacts} about {two} {percent|%|p.c} of the {population|inhabitants}, the {cause|trigger} is unknown. MVP {often|typically|usually} {occurs|happens} in {people who|individuals who} {have no|haven’t any|don’t have any} {other|different} {heart|coronary heart} {problems|issues}, and the {condition|situation} {may be|could also be} inherited.

The mitral valve is {located|situated|positioned} {in the|within the} {heart|coronary heart} between the {upper|higher}-left chamber (the left atrium) and the {lower|decrease}-left chamber (the left ventricle). The mitral valve consists of {two} flaps {called|referred to as|known as} leaflets.

In {normal|regular} operation the leaflets open {and close|and shut} in {a specific|a selected|a particular} sequence. {This allows|This enables|This permits} the blood to {flow|circulate|move|movement|stream|circulation} {in one|in a single} {direction|course|path|route}, from the atrium to the ventricle. The left ventricle is {the heart|the guts|the center}’s {main|primary|major|principal|most important|foremost|fundamental|essential|important|predominant} pumping chamber and pushes oxygen-{rich|wealthy} blood into the arteries, which carry the blood {throughout|all through} the body.

In {patients|sufferers} with MVP, one or {both|each} of the leaflets are enlarged, and the leaflets’ supporting {muscles|muscle tissue|muscular tissues|muscle tissues|muscle mass|muscle groups} are too long. {Instead|As an alternative|As a substitute} of closing evenly, one or {both|each} of the leaflets collapse or bulge into the atrium {sometimes|typically|generally} {allowing|permitting} small {amounts|quantities} of blood to {flow|circulate|move|movement|stream|circulation} {back|again} into the atrium. By listening to {the heart|the guts|the center} with a stethoscope, the {doctor|physician} {may|might|could} hear a “clicking” sound {caused by|brought on by|attributable to} the flapping of the leaflets.

{Sometimes|Typically|Generally}, MVP {leads to|results in} a {condition|situation} {known as|generally known as|often known as|referred to as|often called} mitral regurgitation or mitral insufficiency. {This means|This implies} {a large amount of|a considerable amount of} blood is leaking backward {through|via|by way of|by means of|by} the {defective|faulty} valve. Mitral regurgitation can {lead to|result in} the thickening or enlargement of {the heart|the guts|the center} wall. {This is|That is} {caused by|brought on by|attributable to} {the extra|the additional} pumping {the heart|the guts|the center} {must|should} do to make up for the backflow of blood. It {sometimes|typically|generally} causes {people|individuals|folks} to {feel|really feel} {tired|drained} or {short of|in need of|wanting} breath. Mitral regurgitation can {usually|often|normally} be {treated|handled} with medicines, {and some|and a few} {people|individuals|folks} {need|want} {surgery|surgical procedure} to {repair|restore} or {replace|substitute|exchange|change} the {defective|faulty} valve.

{Most of the time|More often than not}, MVP {is not|isn’t|just isn’t|is just not|shouldn’t be|will not be} a {serious|critical|severe} {condition|situation}, even when some {patients|sufferers} report palpitations or sharp chest pains. Most {patients|sufferers} {do not|don’t} {need|want} {treatment|remedy|therapy}