{What is|What’s} mitral valve prolapse?

{What is|What’s} mitral valve prolapse?

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) {is still|continues to be|remains to be} amongst the {more|extra} {common|widespread|frequent} {heart|coronary heart} {diseases|illnesses|ailments}; {although|though} it {remains|stays} {something|one thing} of a puzzle. Now {although|though} MVP {affects|impacts} {around|round} {two} {percent|%|p.c} of the {population|inhabitants}, the {cause|trigger} {is still|continues to be|remains to be} unknown and has scientist {wanting to|eager to|desirous to} know what does {cause|trigger} it. MVP {often|typically|usually} {occurs|happens} in {people who|individuals who} {have no|haven’t any|don’t have any} {other|different} {heart|coronary heart} {problems|issues}, and the {condition|situation} {may be|could also be} inherited.

The mitral valve is {located|situated|positioned} {in the|within the} {heart|coronary heart} between the {upper|higher}-left chamber (the left atrium) and the {lower|decrease}-left chamber (the left ventricle). The mitral valve consists of {two} flaps {called|referred to as|known as} leaflets.

In {normal|regular} operation the leaflets open {and close|and shut} in {a specific|a selected|a particular} sequence. {This allows|This enables|This permits} the blood to {flow|circulate|move|movement|stream|circulation} {in one|in a single} {direction|course|path|route}, from the atrium to the ventricle. The left ventricle is {the heart|the guts|the center}’s {main|primary|major|principal|most important|foremost|fundamental|essential|important|predominant} pumping chamber and pushes oxygen-{rich|wealthy} blood into the arteries, which carry the blood {throughout|all through} the body.
In {patients|sufferers} with MVP, one or {both|each} of the leaflets are enlarged, and the leaflets’ supporting {muscles|muscle tissue|muscular tissues|muscle tissues|muscle mass|muscle groups} are too long. {Instead|As an alternative|As a substitute} of closing evenly, one or {both|each} of the leaflets collapse or bulge into the atrium {sometimes|typically|generally} {allowing|permitting} small {amounts|quantities} of blood to {flow|circulate|move|movement|stream|circulation} {back|again} into the atrium. By listening to {the heart|the guts|the center} with a stethoscope, the {doctor|physician} {may|might|could} hear a “clicking” sound {caused by|brought on by|attributable to} the flapping of the leaflets.

{Sometimes|Typically|Generally}, MVP {leads to|results in} a {condition|situation} {known as|generally known as|often known as|referred to as|often called} mitral regurgitation or mitral insufficiency. {This means|This implies} {a large amount of|a considerable amount of} blood is leaking backward {through|via|by way of|by means of|by} the {defective|faulty} valve. Mitral regurgitation can {lead to|result in} the thickening or enlargement of {the heart|the guts|the center} wall. {This is|That is} {caused by|brought on by|attributable to} {the extra|the additional} pumping {the heart|the guts|the center} {must|should} do to make up for the backflow of blood. It {sometimes|typically|generally} causes {people|individuals|folks} to {feel|really feel} {tired|drained} or {short of|in need of|wanting} breath. Mitral regurgitation can {usually|often|normally} be {treated|handled} with medicines, {and some|and a few} {people|individuals|folks} {need|want} {surgery|surgical procedure} to {repair|restore} or {replace|substitute|exchange|change} the {defective|faulty} valve.

What causes mitral valve prolapse?

What causes mitral valve prolapse?

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is {among the|among the many} {most common|commonest|most typical} {heart|coronary heart} {conditions|circumstances|situations}; {however|nevertheless|nonetheless} it {remains|stays} {something|one thing} of a puzzle. {Although|Though} MVP {affects|impacts} about {two} {percent|%|p.c} of the {population|inhabitants}, the {cause|trigger} is unknown. MVP {often|typically|usually} {occurs|happens} in {people who|individuals who} {have no|haven’t any|don’t have any} {other|different} {heart|coronary heart} {problems|issues}, and the {condition|situation} {may be|could also be} inherited.

The mitral valve is {located|situated|positioned} {in the|within the} {heart|coronary heart} between the {upper|higher}-left chamber (the left atrium) and the {lower|decrease}-left chamber (the left ventricle). The mitral valve consists of {two} flaps {called|referred to as|known as} leaflets.

In {normal|regular} operation the leaflets open {and close|and shut} in {a specific|a selected|a particular} sequence. {This allows|This enables|This permits} the blood to {flow|circulate|move|movement|stream|circulation} {in one|in a single} {direction|course|path|route}, from the atrium to the ventricle. The left ventricle is {the heart|the guts|the center}’s {main|primary|major|principal|most important|foremost|fundamental|essential|important|predominant} pumping chamber and pushes oxygen-{rich|wealthy} blood into the arteries, which carry the blood {throughout|all through} the body.

In {patients|sufferers} with MVP, one or {both|each} of the leaflets are enlarged, and the leaflets’ supporting {muscles|muscle tissue|muscular tissues|muscle tissues|muscle mass|muscle groups} are too long. {Instead|As an alternative|As a substitute} of closing evenly, one or {both|each} of the leaflets collapse or bulge into the atrium {sometimes|typically|generally} {allowing|permitting} small {amounts|quantities} of blood to {flow|circulate|move|movement|stream|circulation} {back|again} into the atrium. By listening to {the heart|the guts|the center} with a stethoscope, the {doctor|physician} {may|might|could} hear a “clicking” sound {caused by|brought on by|attributable to} the flapping of the leaflets.

{Sometimes|Typically|Generally}, MVP {leads to|results in} a {condition|situation} {known as|generally known as|often known as|referred to as|often called} mitral regurgitation or mitral insufficiency. {This means|This implies} {a large amount of|a considerable amount of} blood is leaking backward {through|via|by way of|by means of|by} the {defective|faulty} valve. Mitral regurgitation can {lead to|result in} the thickening or enlargement of {the heart|the guts|the center} wall. {This is|That is} {caused by|brought on by|attributable to} {the extra|the additional} pumping {the heart|the guts|the center} {must|should} do to make up for the backflow of blood. It {sometimes|typically|generally} causes {people|individuals|folks} to {feel|really feel} {tired|drained} or {short of|in need of|wanting} breath. Mitral regurgitation can {usually|often|normally} be {treated|handled} with medicines, {and some|and a few} {people|individuals|folks} {need|want} {surgery|surgical procedure} to {repair|restore} or {replace|substitute|exchange|change} the {defective|faulty} valve.

{Most of the time|More often than not}, MVP {is not|isn’t|just isn’t|is just not|shouldn’t be|will not be} a {serious|critical|severe} {condition|situation}, even when some {patients|sufferers} report palpitations or sharp chest pains. Most {patients|sufferers} {do not|don’t} {need|want} {treatment|remedy|therapy}

{Disease|Illness} of The Mitral Valve

{Disease|Illness} of The Mitral Valve

{Diseases|Illnesses|Ailments} of {the heart|the guts|the center} valves are grouped {according to|based on|in accordance with|in line with|in response to|in keeping with} which valve or valves are {involved|concerned} plus {the amount|the quantity} of blood {flow|circulate|move|movement|stream|circulation} {that is|that’s} disrupted by the problem. {The most common|The most typical|The commonest} and {serious|critical|severe} valve {problems|issues} {happen|occur} {in the|within the} mitral and aortic valves. {Diseases|Illnesses|Ailments} of the tricuspid and pulmonary valves are {fairly|pretty} rare.

The mitral valve regulates the {flow|circulate|move|movement|stream|circulation} of blood from the {upper|higher}-left chamber (the left atrium) to the {lower|decrease}-left chamber (the left ventricle).

Mitral Valve Prolapse

The mitral valve regulates the {flow|circulate|move|movement|stream|circulation} of blood from the {upper|higher}-left chamber (the left atrium) to the {lower|decrease}-left chamber (the left ventricle). Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) {means that|signifies that|implies that} one or {both|each} of the valve flaps ({called|referred to as|known as} cusps or leaflets) are enlarged, and the flaps’ supporting {muscles|muscle tissue|muscular tissues|muscle tissues|muscle mass|muscle groups} are too long. {Instead|As an alternative|As a substitute} of closing evenly, one or {both|each} of the flaps collapse or bulge into the left atrium. MVP {is often|is usually|is commonly} {called|referred to as|known as} {click|click on}-murmur syndrome {because|as a result of|as a result of} when the valve {does not|doesn’t} {close|shut} {properly|correctly}, it makes a clicking sound {and then|after which} a murmur.

What causes MVP? MVP {is one of the|is among the|is likely one of the|is without doubt one of the} {most common|commonest|most typical} {forms of|types of} valve disease. {It is also|Additionally it is|It’s also|It is usually} genetic {running|operating|working} in families.

What are the {symptoms|signs}? {Most people|Most individuals} with MVP {do not have|don’t have|wouldn’t have|shouldn’t have|should not have|would not have|do not need} symptoms. When {symptoms|signs} do {happen|occur}, {they may|they could|they might} {include|embrace|embody}
• Shortness of breath, {especially|particularly} when {lying|mendacity} down.
• Chest pain.
• {Extreme|Excessive} fatigue.
• {Heart|Coronary heart} palpitations.
• Coughing.
• {Trouble|Hassle|Bother} {breathing|respiration|respiratory} after exercise.

{Most of the time|More often than not}, MVP {is not|isn’t|just isn’t|is just not|shouldn’t be|will not be} a {serious|critical|severe} condition. Some {patients|sufferers} say they {feel|really feel} palpitations or sharp chest pain.

Mitral Regurgitation {is also|can also be|can be} {called|referred to as|known as} mitral insufficiency or mitral incompetence. This {happens|occurs} when the mitral valve {allows|permits} a backflow of blood into {the heart|the guts|the center}’s {upper|higher}-left chamber (the left atrium). Mitral regurgitation can take years {to reveal|to disclose} itself.

If it goes on {long|lengthy} {enough|sufficient}, {it may|it might|it could} {cause|trigger} a buildup of {pressure|strain|stress} {in the|within the} lungs or {cause|trigger} {the heart|the guts|the center} to enlarge. In time, {this will|this can|it will|this may} {lead to|result in} symptoms.